Carbon Fiber vs Aluminium

Carbon fiber yana maye gurbin aluminum a cikin aikace-aikace iri-iri masu yawa kuma yana yin hakan a thean shekarun da suka gabata. Waɗannan zaren suna sanannun ƙarfin su da tsaurin kansu kuma suna da nauyin gaske. Ana haɗu da zaren zaren Carbon tare da resins iri-iri don ƙirƙirar kayan haɗi. Wadannan kayan haɗin suna amfani da dukiyar fiber da resin. Wannan labarin yana ba da kwatancen abubuwan da ke cikin carbon fiber da aluminium, tare da wasu fa'idodi da raunin kowane kayan.

Carbon Fiber vs Allon Allon

Da ke ƙasa akwai ma'anar abubuwa daban-daban waɗanda aka yi amfani dasu don kwatanta kayan biyu:

Modulus na elasticity = The "taurin" na kayan. Rabon damuwa don damuwa ga kayan abu. Gangaren damuwa da lanƙwasa ga abu a cikin yankin na roba.

Strengtharfin ƙarfin ƙarfi = matsakaicin matsin lamba da abu zai iya jurewa kafin ya karye.

Yawa = nauyin kayan ta kowace juzu'i.

Staƙƙarƙancin ƙarfi = ulusaƙancin elasticity rarrabuwa ta kayan mai yawa. An yi amfani dashi don kwatanta kayan aiki tare da nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan.

Carfin keɓaɓɓen ƙarfi = Tenarfin kwance wanda aka raba shi da nauyin abu.

Da wannan bayanin a zuciya, ginshiƙi mai zuwa yana kwatanta fiber carbon da aluminum.

Lura: Abubuwa da yawa na iya shafar waɗannan lambobin. Wadannan su ne gama-gari; ba cikakkun ma'auni ba. Misali, ana samun kayan fiber na carbon daban-daban tare da ƙarfi ko ƙarfi, galibi tare da cinikayyar rage wasu kaddarorin.

Ma'auni Carbon Fiber Aluminium Carbon / Aluminium
Kwatantawa
Yanayin elasticity (E) GPa 70 68.9 100%
Siarfin ƙarfi (σ) MPa 1035 450 230%
Yawa (ρ) g / cm3 1.6 2.7 59%
Iffayyadadden taurin (E / ρ) 43.8 25.6 171%
Strengtharfin keɓaɓɓen ƙarfi (σ / ρ) 647 166 389%

Wannan jadawalin yana nuna cewa fiber carbon yana da takamaiman ƙarfin zafin jiki na kusan sau 3.8 na na aluminum da kuma takamaiman taurin sau 1,71 na na aluminum.

Yin kwatancen kayan aikin thermal na carbon fiber da aluminum

Propertiesarin abubuwa guda biyu waɗanda ke nuna bambance-bambance tsakanin fiber carbon da aluminium sune haɓakar thermal da haɓakar yanayin zafi.

Fadada zafin jiki yana bayanin yadda girman kayan abu yake canza lokacin da yanayin zafi ya canza.

Ma'auni Carbon Fiber Aluminium Aluminum / Carbon
Kwatantawa
Expansionarawar zafi 2 a cikin / cikin / ° F 13 a cikin / a / ° F 6.5

Aluminium yana da kusan sau shida na haɓakar thermal na fiber carbon.

Ribobi da fursunoni

Lokacin zayyana ingantattun kayan aiki da tsarin, injiniyoyi dole ne su tantance waɗanne kaddarorin kayan aiki sune mahimmanci ga takamaiman aikace-aikace. Lokacin da babban ƙarfi-zuwa-nauyi ko tsayin daka-zuwa-nauyi al'amura, carbon fiber shine zaɓin bayyananne. Dangane da ƙirar tsari, lokacin da ƙarin nauyi zai iya rage ragowar rayuwa ko haifar da mummunan aiki, masu zanen kaya ya kamata su nemi fiber carbon a matsayin mafi kyawun kayan gini. Lokacin da tauri yana da mahimmanci, ana iya haɗa fiber carbon sau ɗaya tare da wasu kayan don samun halayen halaye.

Propertiesarancin faɗakarwar haɓakar thermal fiber ƙananan fa'idodi ne mai mahimmanci yayin ƙirƙirar samfuran da ke buƙatar ƙimar daidaito, da kwanciyar hankali a cikin yanayin da yanayin zafi ke canzawa: na'urori masu gani, 3D scanners, telescopes, da sauransu.

Hakanan akwai ƙananan fa'idodi ga amfani da fiber carbon. Carbon fiber ba ya bayarwa. Arƙashin ɗaukar kaya, zaren carbon zai lanƙwasa amma ba zai dace da sabon fasalin ba har abada (na roba). Da zarar matuƙar ƙarfin ƙarfin ƙarfin carbon fiber ya wuce carbon fiber ya faɗi kwatsam. Injiniyoyi dole ne su fahimci wannan ɗabi'ar kuma su haɗa da abubuwan aminci don yin lissafi yayin tsara samfuran. Har ila yau sassan carbon fiber sun fi aluminium tsada sosai saboda tsada mai yawa don samar da fiber carbon da ƙwarewar ƙwarewa da ƙwarewar da ke tattare da ƙirƙirar ɓangarorin haɗi masu inganci.


Post lokaci: Jun-24-2021