Carbon Fibhi vs Aluminium

Carbon fiber iri kutsiva aluminium mumhando dzakasiyana dzekushandisa uye yanga ichidaro kwemakumi mashoma apfuura. Idzi tambo dzinozivikanwa nesimba ravo rakatanhamara uye kuomarara uye zvakareruka zvakanyanya. Carbon fiber tambo inosanganiswa neakasiyana resini kugadzira zvinhu zvinowirirana. Izvi zvinhu zvinoumbwa zvinotora mukana pazvinhu zvese zviri zviviri fiber uye nebwe. Ichi chinyorwa chinopa kuenzanisa kwezvinhu zvecarbon fiber zvinopesana nealuminium, pamwe nezvimwe zvakanaka nezvayakaipira zveumwe neumwe chinhu.

Carbon Fibhi vs Aluminium Yakayerwa

Pazasi pane tsananguro dzezvivakwa zvakasiyana zvinoshandiswa kuenzanisa izvo zviviri zvinhu:

Modulus yekusununguka = ​​Iyo "kuomarara" kwechinhu. Chiyero chekushushikana nekushushikana kwechinhu. Iko kutsetseka kwekushushikana vs strain curve yechinhu munzvimbo yayo yakasununguka.

Yekupedzisira yakasimba tensile = kunonyanyisa kunetseka chinhu chinogona kumira pamberi pekuputsa.

Kuwandisa = huwandu hwezvinhu pauniti vhoriyamu

Kunyatso kuomarara = Modulus yekusimba kwakakamurwa nehukuru hwezvinhu. Inoshandiswa pakuenzanisa zvinhu nezvinhu zvisina kuenzana.

Chaicho chakasimba tensile = Tensile simba rakakamurwa nehukuru hwezvinhu.

Uine ruzivo urwu mupfungwa, chati inotevera inofananidza kabhoni fiber uye aluminium.

Ongorora: Zvinhu zvakawanda zvinogona kukanganisa aya manhamba. Izvi zvinowanzoitika; kwete zviyero zvakakwana. Semuenzaniso, akasiyana kabhoni fiber zvinhu zvinowanika nehurefu hwakaomarara kana simba, kazhinji nekutengesa-kure mukuderedza kweimwe dzimba.

Kuyera Carbon Fibhi Aluminium Carbon / Aluminium
Kuenzanisa
Modulus yekusununguka (E) GPa 70 68.9 100%
Tensile simba (σ) MPa 1035 450 230%
Kuwedzera (ρ) g / cm3 1.6 2.7 59%
Kunyatso kuomarara (E / ρ) 43.8 25.6 171%
Hakananga tensile simba (σ / ρ) 647 166 389%

Iyi chati inoratidza kuti kabhoni fiber ine yakasimba tensile ingangoita 3.8 nguva iyo yealuminium uye kuomarara chaiko kwe1.71 nguva iyo yealuminium.

Kuenzanisa zvimiro zvinopisa zvecarbon fiber uye aluminium

Zvimwe zviviri zvivakwa zvinoratidza musiyano uripo pakati pekabhoni fiber nealuminium ndiko kuwedzera kwekushisa uye kupisa kwekushisa.

Kuwedzera kwekushisa kunotsanangura mashandisiro anoita hupamhi hwechinhu kana tembiricha zvachinja.

Kuyera Carbon Fibhi Aluminium Aluminium / Carbon
Kuenzanisa
Thermal kuwedzera 2 mu / mu / ° F 13 mu / mu / ° F. 6.5

Aluminium ine kanenge katanhatu kuwedzera kwekushisa kwecarbon fiber.

Pros uye Cons

Pakugadzira zvigadzirwa zvemberi uye masisitimu, mainjiniya anofanirwa kuona kuti ndezvipi zvinhu zvakakosha zvakanyanya kune mamwe mafomu. Kana yakakwirira simba-kusvika-kurema kana kukwirira kuomarara-kusvika-kurema zvinhu, kabhoni fiber ndiyo sarudzo iri pachena. Panyaya yemagadzirirwo, kana huremu hwakawedzerwa hungapfupisa mafambiro ehupenyu kana kutungamira mukusaita zvakanaka, vagadziri vanofanirwa kutarisa kune kabhoni fiber sechinhu chiri nani chekuvaka. Kana kuomarara kuchikosha, kabhoni fiber inosanganiswa zviri nyore nezvimwe zvinhu kuti uwane hunhu hunodiwa.

Carbon fiber yakadzikira yekupisa yekuwedzera zvivakwa chinhu chakakosha mukugadzira zvigadzirwa zvinoda mwero wakaringana, uye kudzikama kwemamiriro ezvinhu mune tembiricha inochinja: michina yemaziso, ma scanner e3D, materesikopu, nezvimwe.

Kune zvakare kune mashoma mapundu ekushandisa kabhoni fiber. Carbon fiber haina kubereka. Pasi pemutoro, kabhoni fiber inokombama asi haizoenderana zvachose neiyo nyowani chimiro (elastic). Kamwe iyo yakasimba simba reiyo kabhoni fiber zvinhu ikapfuura kabhoni fiber inokundikana kamwe kamwe. Mainjiniya anofanirwa kunzwisisa hunhu uhu uye anosanganisira ekuchengetedza zvinhu kuti azvidavirire paanogadzira zvigadzirwa. Carbon fiber zvikamu zvakare zvinodhura zvakanyanya kupfuura aluminium nekuda kwemutengo wakakwira wekugadzira kabhoni fiber uye hunyanzvi hukuru uye ruzivo rwakabatanidzwa mukugadzira zvemhando yepamusoro zvikamu zvinoumbwa.


Post nguva: Jun-24-2021